Thứ hai, ngày 26 tháng 09 năm 2022
Ngày đăng: 11/09/2014



The world in the second decade of the 21st century is witnessing deep and comprehensive change in many ways: emergence of a new world order, ups and downs of the global economy, strong development of science and technology, social and political turmoil, enhanced role of religious groups, etc... In this context, Vietnamese institutions are still in the process of carrying out the Government’s Program of promoting Vietnam’s relations with the Middle East in the 2008 – 2015 period and are assigned the tasks of determining major regional partners that can help as a gateway for Vietnam’s access to the Middle East. Turkey is a Eurasian country of geo-strategic importance and crucial role in the Middle East. The government of the Republic of Turkey has been investing great efforts in promoting economic reforms, social welfare programs and international integration. Turkey’s development achievements are impressive and help positioning itself in the group of 15 greatest economies of the world. Turkey’s development policy is active, efficient and is being adjusted so as to enhance its role as a regional power.

As it is commonly perceived in Vietnam, Turkey is a power which is emerging on the world scene and should be taken into consideration as would-be partner in the region. However, understanding about this country is still too little while the need of a closer cooperation is increasing. This is the reason why research on Turkey is necessary as it would help Vietnamese authorities and, to a larger extent, the general public to know about this country. This research is among the first attempts to set insight into Turkish development issues and to suggest some suitable solutions for enhancement of Vietnam – Turkey relations in the coming years. The book is titled “The Republic of Turkey and Vietnam’s Perspective”. Targeted readers are, as the above-mentioned, Vietnamese competent authorities, business communities, university students and the general public who wish to be more informed of Turkey and of promising opportunities of cooperation that this country may offer. Upon this consideration, the book will clarify the following contents:

(1) Collect information and draw an overview of Turkey. The task is to clarify and provide basic facts and figures about Turkey such as geographic position, the country, its population, natural resources, brief history, main features of political system, the economy, culture and religions. All of these factors will be examined in light of Turkey’s position as a special country in the Eurasian region, being a gateway to a large geographic region: the Middle East, North Africa and part of the European continent. From Vietnam’s perspective, as Turkey is still a little known country for most of Vietnamese people, information about Turkey would facilitate a better understanding and possibly, lead to initial ideas about suitable way to approach to this country

 (2) Research on Turkey’s major development issues in recent years, including: (a) Reform and preparation for EU accession. This is one of Turkey’s priorities in current development period. It is clear that Turkey really wants to join the EU and its efforts in this direction began as soon as in 1987 when Turkish government submitted its application for formal membership into the European Community. The European Commission responded in December 1989 by confirming Ankara’s eventual membership but also by deferring the matter to more favorable times. (b) Development of special relations with the US. As Turkey enjoys a very special geo-strategic position in the Eurasian region, the US inevitably attached great importance to its relations with Turkey so as to enhance its presence in the region. On the other hand, Turkey is also in need of the US as a top economic partner and an important source of support in security and political matters. (c) Reassert Turkey’s role in the Middle East. The Republic of Turkey with its cultural, religious features is closely connected with the Middle East. Increasing economic power also helps Turkey to play an outstanding role in all issues of the Middle East. Turkey’s foreign policy based upon the theory of “Strategic Depth” is making it one of the most dynamic players of the region, facilitating Turkey’s relations with all regional countries. This distinctive feature reveals the fact that Turkey’s role in the Middle East is becoming an interesting research issues that need to be carefully analyzed.

(3) Analyze, evaluate and recommend on national comparative advantages of Turkey and Vietnam and from Vietnam’s perspective, examine possibility of promoting Vietnam – Turkey cooperation towards the year 2020. The focus is put on: (a) Examine Turkey’s national advantage basing on distinctive features of the growth model and long term growth prospect. A comprehensive development picture will be set up for the period until the 2020 with forecasts on economic status, demographic changes and developments of state management model, etc… These are important indicators so as to provide a better view about Turkey and its national advantages; (b) Examine possibility of Vietnam – Turkey cooperation towards the year 2020. Evaluation on Vietnam – Turkey cooperation is carried out basing upon input information about Turkey, especially upon comparative advantages and current status of Vietnam – Turkey relations.

This book is result of a research project directed by Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Nhat Quang, Director General of the Vietnam Institute for Africa and Middle East Studies (IAMES – Vietnam). In implementing this research task with various scientific activities such as paper works, practical surveys in Turkey and Vietnam, workshops, expert consulting, etc…, the author received valuable comments and contributions from many experts, diplomats, businessmen, researchers of both Vietnam and Turkey. The author would like to express special thanks to all of these people whose contributions are really meaningful and of great assistance for the successful completion of this research:

1. The Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in Hanoi, Vietnam and H.E.Mr. Ambassador Ahmet Akif Oktay for his practical information, evaluation and analysis about Turkey – Vietnam relations.

2. The Embassy of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in Ankara, Turkey and H.E.Mr.Ambassador Nguyen The Cuong for his valuable comments and comprehensive view about ways to develop Vietnam – Turkey relations.

3. Prof.Dr. Bulent Aras, President of Center for Strategic Research (SAM) of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs for his cordial reception of the delegation of Vietnam Institute for Africa and Middle East Studies on a working trip to Ankara. We highly appreciate Prof.Dr. Bulent Aras and SAM for their meaningful information and materials provided to IAMES concerning Turkey’s current development issues and its newly established foreign policy.

4. Prof. Dr. Cemal Talug, Rector of Ankara University for receiving Vietnamese delegation in Ankara and useful research materials provided to IAMES researchers.

5. Mr. Hasan Kanbolat, Director of Centre for Middle Eastern Strategic Studies (ORSAM) in Ankara. The visit of IAMES delegation to ORSAM and following round-table discussion did enlighten us with interesting issues concerning current events of the Middle East region and Turkey’s approach.

6. Mr. Ersin Karaoglan, Secretary General of the Association of Social and Economic Solidarity with Pacific Countries (PASIAD) in Istanbul. The meeting between IAMES delegation and PASIAD members in Istanbul helped us to have a much better understanding about Turkey and to get specific and practical information about solutions to enhance comprehensive, friendly relations between Turkey and Vietnam.

7. Mr. S.Gokhan Cay, Asia-Pacific Coordinator of the Assembly of Exporters (TIM) in Istanbul for his interesting and persuasive presentation reserved to IAMES Delegation during our visit to Istanbul. His presentation contributed greatly to this book in clarifying huge potentials of Turkey and considerable benefits of enhancing Vietnam – Turkey trade relations.

8. Researchers, colleagues, friends of the Vietnam Institute for Africa and Middle East Studies (IAMES), Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (VASS) for valuable inputs, materials and comments that help the author to fulfill this research task. The author would like to specifically thank the following people of IAMES for their great assistance: Assoc.Prof. Dr. Do Duc Dinh, Assoc.Prof. Dr.Nguyen Thanh Hien, Dr.Tran Thi Lan Huong, Nguyen Thi Thu Hang, Kieu Thanh Nga, Tran Thuy Phuong, Nguyen Thi Hang, Bui Ngoc Tu, Nguyen Ngoc Tri, Pham Kim Hue and Vo Ha.

We are pleased to present the research book titled “The Republic of Turkey and Vietnam’s perspective” in hope that information, analysis and comments contained in the book can help readers to have a precise and realistic view about the Republic of Turkey. From Vietnam’s perspective, it is also expected that suitable solutions should be taken into consideration so as to improve Vietnam’s tie with a country that, despite decades of diplomatic relations, is still little-known to most of the general public.

Assoc.Prof. Dr. Bui Nhat Quang